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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Author Guide
Manuscripts submitted for consideration for publishing on ABB must
• report original research and contribute significantly to the research field
• meet the rigorous scientific standards
• be of interest to the intended community
• not have been published previously or under consideration for publication elsewhere
Manuscripts must be written in English. Non-native English speakers are asked to check their manuscript with a native English speaker or professional English editing services prior to submission.
For initial submission, a PDF of the manuscript is required. At revision stage, authors will be asked to submit the MS Word files.
Manuscripts must be formatted with 12 point fonts and double line space with line numbers and 1 inch margins. Figures and tables should be embedded at the appropriate point within the text, rather than submitted as separate files at the end of the manuscript.
You are encouraged to prepare your manuscript using the MS Word template (download).
Manuscript structure
Your article should normally consist of the following components:
• a title page with the title of the manuscript, name(s) of author(s) and address(es) of institutes(s) where the work was carried out
• an abstract
• a key words section
• an introduction
• a material and methods section
• a results and discussion section
• a conclusion section
• an acknowledgments section
• a list of references
Title page
Title of article
The title should be concise, informative and meaningful to the whole readership of the journal. Please avoid the use of long systemic names and non-standard abbreviations, acronyms or symbols.
Authors and addresses
Please list the names of all the authors followed by the full postal addresses, using superscript numeric identifiers to link an author with an address where necessary. An email address for the contact author may be provided. Author information will also be entered during the online submission process.
Provide 5-7 keywords
Your abstract should be concise about the content of your manuscript. It should not only indicate the general scope of the research but also state the main results obtained and conclusions drawn. It should not normally be more than 300 words.
Main text
Manuscripts should be concise but with clarity. Use short sentences and paragraphs to make reading easier. Use consistent spelling, units, technical terms, etc. All acronyms and abbreviations should be clearly explained when they first appear in the text.
The main text should contain following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, and References. Introduction should be concise and state the nature of the problem or hypotheses under investigation. Relevant references should be cited to provide background and set your work in the context of prior research. Discussion on the novelty, importance, and significance of the research should also be provided. In the Materials and Methods section, you must provide sufficient details of the materials, experimental procedures, mathematics, and statistical analysis carried out to generate the results so that the experiments can be repeated by other researchers, and the results can be better understood. The Results and Discussion section should describe in details the main findings by using tables, figures, and graphs with concise but self-explanatory captions. You should discuss the significance of the results and compare them with previous work published in the relevant literature. All tables, figures, and graphs must be cited in the text. The Conclusions section should be used to highlight the novelty and significance of the research, and recommendation for future research.
Please use “Equation” in MS Word (under “Insert”) to insert equations. Make sure the font size is also 12 points.
You may use Acknowledgments section to acknowledge the support from funding agencies and thanks to organizations and individual.
Citations and References
The citation and reference style used in the journal conforms to the Council of Science Editors (CSE) Style Manual (8th ed., 2015). The general rules are listed below. You are encouraged to study the CSE manual for more details. We recommend the use of EndNote software to manage your references and citations. The CSE 8th edition style for Endnote can be downloaded at http://endnote.com/downloads/style/cse-style-manual-8th-ed-name-year.
References in the text must
• be cited by author and year
• include the name of the first author and "et al." when there are three or more authors,
• refer to unpublished work of authors as "name AB, unpublished data", and
• refer to unpublished work of others as "name AB, name CD, personal communication" (authors are responsible for securing permissions to cite).
Reference list section must:
• be arranged alphabetically by name of author(s) and then chronologically for references with identical authors,
• contain only works cited in the text,
• refer to manuscripts accepted for publication but which have not yet been published as "forthcoming",
• not include manuscripts that have not been formally accepted for publication,
• follow the guidelines for abbreviations of periodicals given in The Council of Science Editors Style Manual (8th ed., 2015), and
• formatted as follows:
• Journal Article (1-100 authors): Board J. 2001. Reduced lodging for soybeans in low plant population is related to light quality. Crop Sci. 41(2): 379-87.
• (>10 co-authors): Wilson R, Ainscough R, Anderson K, Baynes C, Berks M, Bonfield J, Burton J, Connell M, Copsey T, Cooper J, et al. 1994. 2.2 Mb of contiguous nucleotide sequence from chromosome III of C. elegans. Nature 368:32-38.
• Books: Ingram VM. 1963. The hemoglobins in genetics and evolution. New York: Columbia University Press.
• Book chapters: Hall BG. 1983. Evolution of new metabolic functions in laboratory organisms. In: Nei M, Koehn RK, editors. Evolution of genes and proteins. Sunderland (MA): Sinauer Associates. p. 234-257.